Work package number

3

Lead Beneficiary

FiBL-CH

Work package title

Assessment of the use of plastics across Europe and resulting MNP concentrations in soil

Participant number

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Short name of participant

WU

UBERN

FiBL-CH

UTH

UL

UCSC

FiBL-AT

Person/months per participant

5

18

28

0

5

4

5

Participant number

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

Short name of participant

UoG

FUB

INRAE

POLITO

CHQ

DTU

AGES

Person/months per participant

5

0

0

14

5

5

15

Participant number

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

Short name of participant

NVM

WR

EQY

CAMPO

SPOT

EMU

Person/months per participant

1

21

5

5

5

5

Start month

1

 End month

48

Objectives of the work package:

The main objective of WP3, in line with SO1 of MINAGRIS, is to provide deep insights in the amount and type of plastics found in soil and the source of these plastics. This main goal will be achieved through a series of specific objectives: (i) to provide an inventory on sales and use of plastic in agriculture at the EU-scale (T3.1), (ii) to estimate input and output of plastic containing sources at farm level based on the CSS farmers survey (T3.2), (iii) to develop (T3.3) and validate (T3.4) methods for MNP quantification in soil used for monitoring at CSS (SO2), (iv) build a smartphone app to detect plastic in the environment (T3.5) (SO9). The plastic inputs obtained from the inventory, the management information from farmer interviews and the baseline soil quality assessment including MNP loads will be stored in the project database (WP2), which will be useful in selecting CSS for proof-of-concept experiments planned in WP5 and 6.

Task 3.1 Inventory of plastics use at national and EU level  

Task leader: WR | Participant(s): CSS leaders Timing: M1-42

In this task, WR will conduct an inventory of plastic sales, analysing the intentional use of plastics in the agricultural sector with a focus on the use for soil management. The inventory will be based on different types and levels of both quantitative and qualitative information. At the CSS an inventory of practices related to the use of plastics in the European biogeographical regions and countries will be carried out by CSS leaders. First, quantities of sales and use of plastics will be collected by WR based on sources identified in the state-of-the-art study (see Section 1.4.1.1.). The data will be collected at EU and national level using EUROSTAT and other statistical datasets, by involving stakeholders from the plastic industry, advisory services and agriculture (farmer/horticultural representatives) based on WP2 framework and through the network of partners, by browsing import statistics and interviewing dealers of agricultural appliances. This information will be used by WR to estimate the types and amount of plastic sold to the farmers. These first results will allow for refining our selection of CSS that are further studied in other WPs to prevent statistical bias. Finally, and to get deeper insight into plastic uses, this inventory will be complemented by qualitative information retrieved from farmer interviews in T3.2 as well as the outcome of T3.5. These numbers will be stored in the WP2 database and used in WP7 to cross check with the WP4, WP5 and WP6 results regarding impact.

Task 3.2 Assessment of farmers needs and practices at the selected CSS

Task leader: FiBL-CH | Participant(s): CSS leaders | Timing: M1-M18

How and why farmers use plastics across the partner countries along biogeographical scale will be investigated by surveys, in the form of face to face/telephone interviews with up to 10 farmers per CSS. Local CSS leaders will analyse the external drivers and own needs and motivation of farmers to use plastics (as well as innovative alternatives) in their farming system and will ask for details on farm management and plastic use in the past ten years. FiBL-CH will co-develop these semi-directive interviews in collaboration with T3.1 inventory to focus questions on relevant points. Attention will be paid to practices that can modify the effect of MNP in soil (e.g. soil tillage, chemical inputs). All interviews results will be made anonymous and stored in the online database (T2.4), accessible to all project partners. Each farmer will receive a report on the information she/he provided, as well as soil and crop analytical data (from other WPs). Interview data will be analysed and combined with information from the literature and the inventory in T3.1.

Based on a preliminary evaluation of surveys and T3.1 output, Practices Groups (PG) with common production types, farm management and plastic use will be identified. Together with the scientific team, the PG will help formulating hypotheses towards impact of their specific practices on soil MNP loads. The PG will be consulted and included in certain research tasks as members of the respective MAP. By creating and involving these PG, WP3 will also permit WP7 to link soil characteristics with practices. A farm prototyping exercise in each of the PG may help to build new production schemes as an alternative to the use of plastic. This exercise results will be included as examples in the DST (T7.3).

Task 3.3 Development of an innovative methodology to monitor MNP loads in soil

Task leader: UBERN-GIUB | Participant(s): WU, POLITO, WR | Timing: M1-12

The methodology to determine the quantity and the quality (e.g. polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyurethanes, synthetic oxo- and photo-degradable plastics, and biodegradable plastics) of plastic residues in soil will be standardized and included in the monitoring plan (T2.4).

MaP will be analysed by reflectance and size and shape will be recorded by photography.

MP will be analysed by density separation of the samples before analysing the MP fraction by spectroscopy which allows a full characterisation (composition, size, shape, number of particles) of plastic. Furthermore, POLITO will analyse MP by thermal approaches, which will cross-validate previous methods and address specific questions in terms of MP degradation, additives etc.

NP: Infrared or Raman spectroscopy are normally used in MP research but are limited to the >1-10 μm range. UBERN-GIUB is currently developing a method for the extraction of NP from soils. This method in combination with the thermal analysis methods (POLITO) will allow for a quantification of NP at the CSS and at WP4-6 experiments. Furthermore, NP from selected samples would be analysed by scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) and x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) to analyse the size, shape and polymer type of NP particles. These methods will be further developed by UBERN-GIUB, POLITO, WU and WR, and validated by recovery tests with a variety of different polymers.

Task 3.4 Baseline assessment of soil quality and the levels of MaP, MP and NP in the CSS

Task leader: POLITO | Participant(s): WU, FiBL-CH, POLITO, WR, GIUB, | Timing: M3-14

2 fields per CSS farm will be selected according to the information on the frequency and duration of plastic use (T3.2). These 2 fields will be selected following farmer indications and to obtain the most relevant contrast in each farm: one with high plastic inputs and one without.

Task 3.4.1: Sampling at the CSS

Concerning samples, they are expected to be close to 440: 11 CSS with 10 farms; in each farm, 4 samples (2 per identified fields) will be collected according to homogenized sampling schemes defined in WP2. Due to the uneven plastic distribution in soils, we need to develop a representative soil sampling strategy based on soil sampling protocol norms (ISO 18400-104). This will involve testing of the horizontal and vertical variability to define the number of samples and the sampling depth.

Task 3.4.2: Baseline for future assessment of soil quality

In parallel to the survey conducted at the CSS, selected fields will be characterized using standardized chemical, physical and biological methods for soil quality assessment provided by the monitoring plan. Specified laboratories among the MINAGRIS team will run measurements, related to MNP and other pollutants, They will receive the samples according to the specific requirements of the method (moist, frozen, dried and sieved). Selected sites will be assessed in situ for future experiments with water infiltration and flows (WP5-6) and the abundance of soil invertebrates (WP4).

Task 3.4.3: Baseline assessment of MaP, MP and NP in soils at the CSS

The methods for MaP and MP (T3.3) will be applied to samples taken according to T3.4.1. At certain sites based on soil quality and MP load, NP will be quantified by GIUB, POLITO, WU and WR (methods elaborated in T3.3). Certain CSS will be revisited towards the end of the project to verify new methodologies or for “back to the field” validation of the experiments conducted in WP5 and WP6.

Task 3.5: Participatory science study: Smartphone application for detection and monitoring of visually recognisable plastic residues in soils

Task leader: AGES | Participant(s): WU, UMH, UL, FiBL-CH, UoG, SPOT | Timing: 8-48

A Citizen Science smartphone application will be developed by SPOTTERON for assessing and monitoring of visual plastic remainders in soils. The deployment and validation will take place at CSS fields, using feedback of farmers and other local users. The freely available app will send plastic observations together with GPS and other input data to an online database. The application will be available for Android, IOS and also participation via Browser in the project's website. To enable a broad participation by Citizens with long-term motivation, community functionalities will be present in the app and additional communication tools will be integrated to ensure an exchange of experience and immersion. We will actively distribute the app to people linked with the agricultural world to maximize the amount of data collected. Target users are a) farmers and consultants, b) teachers and students and c) the interested public across Europe. Teachers and students at agricultural schools can use the app during excursions and field visits and farmers can assess the plastic pollution in their fields and the changing amount over time. Information collected will be used in Task 3.3 for MaP size and type identification and more broadly to give an overview of the plastics present in European agricultural soils. The wide distribution of this application will facilitate visibility of the project to the general public targeted by WP8, by bringing together a community around an easily accessible and user-friendly application.

Deliverable 3.1.: Report on the typology of farms and their plastic practices in the CSS; feedback and expectations of stakeholders [M6, WR, R, CO] Deliverable 3.2: Standardized methods and quality criteria for the analysis of MaP and MNP in agricultural soils [M6, 24, UBERN-GIUB, R, PU] Deliverable 3.3: Intentional use, unintentional input, types and sources of plastics on and in the soil in EU agricultural systems [M44, WR, R, PU] Deliverable 3.4: Ready-to-use smartphone app as a tool for participative detecting and monitoring of visually recognisable plastic remainders in soils [M20, 48, AGES, OTHER, PU]

Work package number

2

Lead Beneficiary

UBERN-CDEUB

Work package title

Harmonisation of monitoring and methodologies

Participant number

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Short name of participant

WU

UBERN

FiBL-CH

UTH

UL

UCSC

FiBL-AT

Person/months per participant

5

35

1

0

5

5

3

Participant number

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

Short name of participant

UoG

FUB

INRAE

POLITO

CHQ

DTU

AGES

Person/months per participant

2

0

0

5

5

5

4

Participant number

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

Short name of participant

NVM

WR

EQY

CAMPO

SPOT

EMU

Person/months per participant

1

0

5

3

2

5

Start month

1

 End month

60

Objectives of the work package:

The main aim of WP2 is to coordinate stakeholder activities and establish a harmonized monitoring plan across 11 CSS in Europe. WP2 will ensure exchange between CSS and related stakeholder groups across all WPs (SO3). This includes the establishment of MAPs in each CSS (T2.2). WP2 will coordinate monitoring activities, interviews from WP3, and workshops to assess the environmental and socio-economic dimensions. The MAPs will cover different levels of decision-making, from closely engaged groups of local interest (involve, collaborate, educate) to higher administrative authorities at the national and European levels (inform, consult). WP2 will also produce guidelines for monitoring activities, interviews, and workshops: these will be compiled into one document, the monitoring plan (T2.3). This will be harmonized for all CSSs to provide a comprehensive, coherent framework suited to assess the impacts of MNP on overall sustainability of European farming (SO2). A database will be created (T2.4) to store the data and enable its evaluation for different purposes (WP4–WP8).

Task 2.1: Construction of a High-level multi-actor (HLMAN) networks on plastics in agriculture

Lead partner: UoG | Participants: UBERN-CDEUB, FiBL-CH, UCSC, NVM | Timing: M1-M3

Task 2.1 will focus on the establishment of a HLMAN of representatives from the European plastic and horticultural industries (and their associations), farming and advisory communities, policy-makers, EU-level regulatory bodies (e.g. EFSA), standardization bodies (ISO, OECD), and civil society organizations, as well as EU platforms (e.g. EIP-AGRI, Copa Cogeca). The HLMAN will be active throughout the project, to both inform and be informed on project activities and help disseminate findings (channels, opportunities for exploitation, WP8). Importantly, the HLMAN will provide knowledge on relevant policy perspectives, which will be key to effectively implement T8.4 and T8.5. The HLMAN will meet online every 6 months, facilitated by WP8. Stakeholders from the HLMAN will be selected to participate in various project activities, where they will provide objective advice, optimize the project’s effectiveness and impact, and act as a sounding board for the consortium. WP2 will ensure that HLMAN stakeholders interact with the MAPs established at CSS level (T2.2), for example by inviting representatives to dialogue events in the CSSs.

Task 2.2: Establishment and operation of Multi-Actor Platforms (MAPs) in CSS

Task leader: UBERN-CDEUB | Participants: UoG, FiBL-CH, UL, CHQ, UBERN-GIUB, FiBL-AT, NVM, WU, CAMPO, EMU

Timing: M1-M60

WP2 will coordinate and harmonize stakeholder activities in the CSS. It will facilitate the establishment of a MAP in each CSS and provide communication guidance to encourage active stakeholder involvement throughout the project. For each activity (e.g. interviews, workshops) addressing a given task at CSS level, the CSS MAP will identify and involve relevant stakeholders from the different levels of MA networks (HLMAN, MAAB) along with local and national stakeholders ranging from land users and farmer associations to other interest groups (e.g. environmental NGOs, consumer organizations, etc.), regional authorities and policymakers. For this purpose, a stakeholder analysis/mapping, including stakeholders related to the emission of plastics into the environment, and those affected will be established at the outset of the project (see Table 3 and Annex 2 summarizing CSS activities).

Involvement will range from close collaboration to consultation, and a detailed protocol (T2.3) mapping the expected stakeholders’ contributions to each WP will help to avoid overlaps and stakeholder fatigue and instead ensure stakeholders’ buy-in, active engagement, and learning. The MAPs will enable stakeholders to co-produce results in each CSS in workshops by establishing a shared understanding of potentially conflicting visions and fears, communicating their needs, feedback, and expectations and collaborating with the scientific team to refine research questions so as to meet the main project objective. WP2 will organize training events for CSS leaders regarding monitoring activities, interviews, workshops, soil quality and site characterization, with active involvement of the relevant WP leaders and experts dealing with MNP pollution, sampling, and laboratory analysis. WP and CSS Leaders will collaborate to define the stakeholders involved in the CSS activities related to data collection, baseline and site characterization (WP3), experimentation (WP4-W6), overall sustainability and ESS analysis (WP7) and dissemination and policy issues (WP8). In line with the project’s participatory approach, stakeholders will communicate their needs, feedbacks and expectations and collaborate with the scientific team to refine research questions.

Task 2.3: Monitoring plan for CSS

Task leader: CDEUB | Participant(s): GIUB, UoG, FiBL-AT, UL, WU, AGES, NVM | Timing: M1-M8

This task will produce guidelines for comprehensive and standardized assessment of the environmental status and socio-economic dimension at all CSSs. The plan will specify what will be monitored, with which methods and indicators, how often (including replicates), at which scale, and by whom. Task 2.3 will compile standardized methods to assess baseline and a minimum data set to assess soil quality (chemical, physical, and biological properties) and site characteristics, as well as soil biodiversity. In addition, Task 2.3 will provide the necessary information on the plastics to be used for field and lab experiments (e.g. type, amount, concentration, supplier) in collaboration with plastic experts within and beyond the MINAGRIS project. Baseline indicators will be selected from the WOCAT questionnaire as well as the iSQAPER, LANDMARK, and SoilCare H2020 projects. The outlined methods will enable the assessment of the environment’s vulnerability to plastic pollution, as well as the sources, flows, and distribution of plastics (provided by WP3 and included in the monitoring plan), and facilitate the comparison between all sites of different pedoclimatic conditions to ensure representativeness at a larger scale. The monitoring plan will be used for all activities regarding the assessment of environmental and socio-economic dimensions (WP3-7). The monitoring plan will also provide guidelines and tools to involve and engage stakeholders in the activities occurring at the CSS level during all steps of the project according to the participatory approach based on MAPs defined in T2.1. Using the monitoring plan, soil quality and site characteristics will be assessed together with the relevant stakeholders to ensure the applicability of project outcomes. The results will serve to evidence activities’ impact, enabling dialogue with policymakers (WP8).

Task 2.4: Data management, data storage and evaluation

Task leader: CDEUB | Participant(s): UoG, FiBL-AT, UL, UTH, GIUB, WU, NVMT | Timing: M1-M60

To ensure proper data management during the whole project, CDEUB and WU will write a Data Management Plan (DMP, D2.1) presenting rules and policies for data management. A database will be developed to store data collected in the field and laboratory experiments in a standardized and accessible format consistent with the GDPR. The database will be fed by different WP activities (WP3–WP7). The timing of data entry, validation, and quality control will be agreed with all partners. All monitoring data will be stored in a consistent and uniform database, enabling comparison between the different CSSs. The database will be composed of minimum four types of data matrix: i) basic CSS characterization by CSS leaders; ii) data obtained from WP3 on MNP use, iii) experimental (lab to field) data obtained from WP4-WP6, and iv) interviews data obtained in WP3 and WP7 (all GDPR measures will be undertaken to prevent release of personal data). The database will be accessible to all project partners through the intranet portal (T8.1) and it will be used to evaluate the impacts of MNP on overall sustainability and ESS by WP7.

Deliverable 2.1: Data Management Plan [M3, WU, PU] Deliverable 2.2: MAPs structure: identification of stakeholders to be included in the activities at the CSS [[M7, UBERN-CDEUB, OTHER, CO] Deliverable 2.3: Monitoring plan (including guidelines for CSS characterisation and stakeholder’s involvement via the MAPs) [M8, UBERN-CDEUB, R, PU] Deliverable 2.4: Database of the collected field, laboratory and interview data and evaluation date [M48, UBERN-CDEUB, OTHER, CO]

Work package number

1

Lead Beneficiary

WU

Work package title

Coordination and project management

Participant number

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Short name of participant

WU

UBERN

FiBL-CH

UTH

UL

UCSC

FiBL-AT

Person/months per participant

9

2

1

7

1

1

1

Participant number

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

Short name of participant

UoG

FUB

INRAE

POLITO

CHQ

DTU

AGES

Person/months per participant

1

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

Participant number

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

Short name of participant

NVM

WR

EQY

CAMPO

SPOT

EMU

Person/months per participant

0.5

0.5

10

0.5

0.5

0.5

Start month

1

  End month

60

Objectives of the work package:

This WP will address day-to-day coordination and management of the overall project. WP1 will foster collaboration between the MINAGRIS partners, but also with the MAAB, to ensure compliance with the EC’s requirements, timely reporting and efficient administration and will facilitate adequate decision-making. The specific objectives of WP1 will be as follows:

·   To warrant effective administrative, financial, ethical, and legal coordination;

·   To prepare, conclude and implement the Consortium Agreement throughout project duration;

·   To install all management bodies and implement the meeting and reporting processes of the project to support the interaction and collaboration between partners both within and between WPs including the timely exchange of materials, data and results and other information;

·   To monitor the project work plan and achievement of the objectives, deliverables and milestones; identify any problems early and find solutions to counteract or rectify the problems;

·   To timely submit the contractual periodic EC reports and maintain good lines of communication with the EU Project Officer;

·   To monitor compliance with the ethical requirements as set out in Section 5;

·   To manage gender equality issues in the project;

·   To manage potential or unforeseen crisis outbreak that could impede project’s progress (e.g. COVID-19).

Task 1.1: Activity management Lead partner: EQY | Participant(s): All | Timing: M1-M60

Activity management is aimed at tracking the progress of the activities of the project and includes: i) maintenance of the project work plan and constant monitoring of its implementation, ii) identification of required corrective actions and contingency plans and, iii) implementation of decisions of the project managerial bodies. Furthermore, a coordination of reporting procedures that comply with the EC rules, and the provision of overall directions to the partners and follow-up on decisions of the plenary project meetings will be ensured by WU in collaboration with EQY. The MAAB will be consulted regularly.

Task 1.2: Financial and legal management Lead partner: WU | Participant(s): All | Timing: M1-M60

This management task will cover i) the preparation of a Consortium Agreement to regulate the management bodies, the decision-making process, and the management of IP and prior-existing knowledge, ii) the financial administration of the project (i.e. the timely distribution of funding to the partners via a dedicated Euro account, the budget management, utilization and monitoring, and the preparation of annual consortium consolidated financial statements), and iii) the preparation of periodic management reports, including justification of costs and Forms C of all beneficiaries. Online reporting tools are envisioned to ensure efficient communication between project management and project partners.

Task 1.3: Scientific progress Lead partner: UTH | Participant(s): All | Timing: M1-M60

Scientific management aims at following the project progress and includes: (i) study the progress of experiments at all the scales of the project, (ii) identification of required corrective actions linked with the work programme implementation when needed, (iii) implementation of scientific decisions of the project managerial bodies. Furthermore, a coordination of reporting procedures that comply with the EC rules, and the provision of overall directions to the partners and follow-up on decisions of the plenary project meetings will be ensured by UTH in collaboration with all the partners. The MAAB will be consulted regularly.

Task 1.4: Gender balance Lead partner: UBERN (CDEUB) | Participant(s): All | Timing: M1-M60

First, all partners will be informed about the unspoken societal rules which currently dictate the role of the gender aspects in research and innovation. This will include an information and sensitisation session on gender issues during the kick-off meeting. Furthermore, we will initiate an inventory of gender equality among the CSS stakeholders to identify the number of women and men involved in the project including their positions, roles, decision-making and perceptions on the use of plastics in farming. Data collection in WP3 and WP7 will be performed gender sensitive. Gender disaggregated, i.e. specific subgroup analyses will be performed under the coordination of WP2 CSS management.

Task 1.5: Organisation of project management meetings

Lead partner: EQY | Participant(s): All | Timing: M1-M60

Smooth organization and facilitation of activities of the project will be achieved by plenary meetings planned well in advance, which ideally will be hosted by partner organisations with CSS. The goal of the meetings is to evaluate project progress, to outline work plans, to have scientific discussions, targeted training sessions for project partners, dedicated interactions with MAAB members (review, advice on selected topics) and to receive updates regarding the financial and IP status and interactions with the EC. Separate and combined WP (co)leader meetings will be held yearly. For separate meetings, chairs of both meetings will be in close contact to ensure alignment of agenda’s, and to discuss progress made in each of the WPs and outlining follow-up work in more detail. Combined meetings will be scheduled back to back with plenary meetings. Minutes of the meetings will be provided to all partners.

Task 1.6: Crisis outbreak management Lead partner: WU | Participant(s): All | Timing: M1-M60

In case of crisis outbreak (e.g. COVID-19) that would lead to major modifications of the project agenda or endanger the successful completions of its results, WU together with the partners will prepare a crisis-adjusted plan to adapt the project workplan to the crisis situation, ensuring maximum completion of the project objectives and at the same time safeguarding partners’ safety and security.

Deliverable 1.1: Crisis outbreak management strategy [M6, WU, R, PU] Deliverable 1.2: Periodic project reports [M18, 36, 54 60, EQY, R, PU] Deliverable 1.3: Periodic scientific reports [M18, 36, 54, 60, EQY, R, PU] Deliverable 1.4: Gender equality report [M24, M48, UBERN-CDEUB, R, P]

Overall structure of the work programme

MINAGRIS work plan articulates step by step along 6 technical WPs, under the global framework of the coordination and Management work package (WP1) together with the Multi-Actor approach ensured by WP2 and WP8:

 

WP1 is dedicated to the management of the overall project activities, WP2 is the place for organising and harmonising activities conducted at the CSS. Therefore, WP2 is responsible for establishing a monitoring plan that will determine, describe and harmonize the methods used at CSS and related to soil and site characterization (baselines, soil properties including chemical, physical, and biological indicators, etc.). It is also in WP2 that MAPs will be developed at each CSS, thanks to which a large variety of stakeholders will be engaged. The overall data management structures (database) and methods will also be designed and harmonized in WP2. WP3 will perform an inventory of the plastic uses in agriculture, including both intentional and unintentional sources (baseline), and will develop and validate the analytical methods used for the determination of MNP concentrations in soil. The methodology to quantify MNP levels will be standardized in Task 3.3 and included in the monitoring plan (D2.3). The soil samples taken to measure the baseline at the CSS will set the standards for (i) designing multi-scale experiments to evaluate the impact of MNP on the chemical, physical and biological soil quality indicators in WP4 and WP5 (ii) following the disaggregation, degradation and transfer processes controlling the environmental fate of MNP and their potential to contaminate other interlinked environmental compartments in WP6. Moreover, the CSS data collected from farmer interviews, agronomical results and soil analyses in T3.2 will provide the information needed to select CSS for back-to-the-field experiments in WP5 and WP6. All results produced in the tasks will be stored in the database managed by WP2. This data will be analysed by WP7 for an overall sustainability assessment with a special focus on the impact of MNP on related ecosystem services. Based on this main result, a practical toolbox for farmers to assess their fields and farm exposure to plastic contamination will be developed as well as briefing documents for all stakeholders. Exploitation of the project results and communication and dissemination will be ensured in WP8.

 

WP No

Work Package Title

WP Leader Short Name

Person-Months

Start Month

End month

1

Coordination and project management

WU

38.5

1

60

2

Harmonisation of monitoring and methodologies

UBERN-CDEUB

91

1

60

3

Assessment of the use of plastics across Europe and resulting MNP concentrations in soil

FiBL-CH

151

1

48

4

Assessment of the impact of MNP and combined effects with other stressors on soil biodiversity

UTH

98.5

9

60

5

Assessment of the impact of MNP and combined effects with other stressors on soil physical and chemical properties and crop productivity

UL

88

12

56

6

Degradability, mobility and fate of MNP and other stressors in the soil environment

UCSC

131

6

60

7

Synthesis of the impact of MNP and other stressors on ecosystem services and overall sustainability analysis

FiBL-AT

72

12

60

8

Dissemination and exploitation

UoG

74

1

60